Volume 19, Issue 77 (2022)                   LIRE 2022, 19(77): 27-31 | Back to browse issues page

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Roodgar M. The course of practical mysticism in the Khorasan. LIRE 2022; 19 (77) :27-31
URL: http://lire.modares.ac.ir/article-41-65701-en.html
, Roodgar@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1156 Views)
In this research, first, the tradition of Khorasanian behavior has been evaluated among various methods, and its important features such as emphasis on austerity, Sokr, Shath and Annihilation in the Sheik have been pointed out. Then, in order to draw this dynamic behavior in the field of Khorasani mysticism, three important turning points in the course of its evolution have been considered: First, the initial formation by personalities such as Ahmad Ghazali, the founder of the current of romantic mysticism. At this stage, the elders of Khorasan, after defining their theoretical and behavioral principles, gradually gave in to the defined monastic system in which the main foundations of conduct were continuous austerity and monasticism. Second, dynamism and prosperity by Najmuddin Kobra, the founder of Shottar's conduct. At this stage, although an attempt was made to adopt a moderate approach to conduct, the strong role of the austerity system and the strong monastic rites prevented a fundamental change. The third stage is the return to the first tradition by a person like Shams Tabrizi. He considered the reliance of Khorasan's behavior on the monastic system as a serious deviation and led it to dependence on the spiritual guardianship of the elders and the doctrine of annihilation in the sheikh.

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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Classical literature
Received: 2020/09/26 | Accepted: 2021/09/18 | Published: 2022/10/22

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