Volume 17, Issue 70 (2020)                   LIRE 2020, 17(70): 169-193 | Back to browse issues page

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hashemi S, Satari R, mahmoodi M. ljaz practices and function of art in contemporary poetry. LIRE 2020; 17 (70) :169-193
URL: http://lire.modares.ac.ir/article-41-54696-en.html
1- , hashemi0284@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1242 Views)
Brevity (Ejaz), along with prolixity (Etanab) is one of the main topics in semantics, whichProvides  the poet with important possibilities for artistic functions to accelerate the transmission of the message. Following the political and social developments of the Constitutional Era and the emergence of “Nima” and also, the change in the form and structure of the language of poetry, a group of poets considered brevity as one of the linguistic tricks, by reducing some unnecessary word processing mechanisms. The authors of this study have selected three schools of poetry, i.e.: “Nima Poetry”, “Free Verse” and “Short Poetry” to achieve the rhetorical and artistic methods and functions of Brevity (Ejaz) in contemporary poetry; and they have examined and analyzed the written works of a prominent figure from each school. For “Nima Poetry”, they examined Nima Yooshij poems; Shamloo’s works for Free Verse, and Short Poems of Mansour Ouji. Then they analyzed the methods of reaching to Brevity (Ejaz) in these 3 schools, including Deletion Brevity (i.e.: deletion of the verb; starting and ending deletion), Qasr Brevity (i.e.: Symbols and Allusion), and Grammar Brevity (Adverbs, Words Composition, and Verb Modification) that are all done with the aim of rhyming and reinforce music, avoid association with regret, emphasize a word or concept, show thought, suspend meaning, create ambiguity, create atmosphere, convey broad concepts, develop language and create strangeness and de-familiarization.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Contemporary Literature/ Story / Novel
Received: 2020/08/13 | Accepted: 2021/03/19 | Published: 2020/05/20

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